Tag: risk perception

Public Perceptions of Climate Change

Public Perceptions of Climate Change as a Human Health Risk

Surveys of the United States, Canada and Malta

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

“We used data from nationally representative surveys conducted in the United States, Canada and Malta between 2008 and 2009 to answer three questions: Does the public believe that climate change poses human health risks, and if so, are they seen as current or future risks? Whose health does the public think will be harmed? In what specific ways does the public believe climate change will harm human health? When asked directly about the potential impacts of climate change on health and well-being, a majority of people in all three nations said that it poses significant risks; moreover, about one third of Americans, one half of Canadians, and two-thirds of Maltese said that people are already being harmed.” Read more >

Testosterone to increase risk

Take too much Risk? Must be the testosterone…

By Maria Konnikova, Big Think Blog

When we think testosterone, we think macho. We think male, manly. We probably also think aggressive. And we think that with good reason. Men do traditionally have higher testosterone levels than do women, and higher testosterone has indeed been associated repeatedly with increased risk-taking behavior, especially in social domains (where aggression would fall). That’s also one of the reasons, runs the common wisdom, that on the whole, women tend to be more risk-averse than men.  But is this always the case?

Both too much and too little testosterone increase risk-taking and ambiguity tolerance

A recent study in Psychological Science examined risk preferences (as well as ambiguity preference) specifically within the economic domain, and found that the relationship between testosterone and risk preference is actually a U-shape: too much or too little, and your appetite for risk increases. And the relationship holds whether you’re male or female. Read more >

Worrier’s Guide to Risk

Stories about risk can be worrying or even frightening. David Spiegelhalter’s ideas can help you understand more and worry less.

Source: Risk & Regulation Advisory Council, United Kingdom

The Worrier’s Guide to Risk is intended to help everyone make more sense of the seemingly unending series of stories on risk.

The guide offers an insight into the simple sorts of questions David Spiegelhalter asks. It distils many years of experience into a single page. It will not make you a professor of statistics but we hope it will help you to make better informed judgements about the risks that affect you and society.

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Global warming contradicts just world beliefs

Authors: Matthew Feinberg (Psychology Department, University of California), Robb Willer (Sociology Department, University of California)

Abstract (quote):

“Though scientific evidence for the existence of global warming continues to mount, in the U.S. and other countries belief in global warming has stagnated or even decreased in recent years. One possible explanation for this pattern is that information about the potentially dire consequences of global warming threatens deeply held beliefs that the world is just, orderly, and stable. Individuals overcome this threat by denying or discounting the existence of global warming, ultimately resulting in decreased willingness to counteract climate change.

Two experiments provide support for this explanation of the dynamics of belief in global warming, suggesting that less dire messaging could be more effective for promoting public understanding of climate change research.”

Download Report Feinberg & Willer, 2011

Risk management at the top level in Europe

Source: FERMA

Risk management is now on the agenda for top management, the board and shareholders, which clearly support and sponsor the function. This finding comes from what is probably the most representative ever survey of opinion on risk and insurance management in Europe, the 2010 risk management benchmarking survey of the Federation of European Risk Management Associations (FERMA).

The results for 2010 reveal continuing progress in risk management fundamentals but with significant disparities remaining from one company, country or risk management topic to another. Read more >

Redefining Failure

Source: Harvard Business Review
by: Seth Godin

“We think we know what failure looks like. Products don’t get purchased. Reorganizations make things worse. Shipments aren’t delivered. Speeches don’t get applauded. Things explode. These are the emergencies and disasters that we have nightmares about.

We think that failure is the opposite of success, and we optimize our organizations to avoid it. We install layers and layers of management to eliminate risk and prevent catastrophes. One surefire way we’ve found to avoid failing is to narrowly define what failure is—in other words, to treat almost everything that happens as a nonfailure. If the outcome of our efforts isn’t a failure, there’s no need to panic, is there? Failure creates urgency. Failure gets you fired. Failure cannot stand; it demands a response. But the status quo is simply embraced and, incredibly, protected.” Read more>

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